No. 08-60926.United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit.
August 20, 2009.
Salvador Colon, Law Office of Salvador Colon, Houston, TX, for Petitioner.
Andrew Nathan O’Malley, Thomas Ward Hussey, Director, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Immigration Litigation, Washington, DC, Sandra M. Heathman, U.S. Citizenship Immigration Services, Houston, TX, for Respondent.
Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals, BIA No. A88 059 484.
Before JOLLY, BARKSDALE, and CLEMENT, Circuit Judges.
Pedro Julian Perez Ajpop petitions for review of an order of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) affirming the immigration judge’s decision to deny: (1) his request for asylum and withholding of removal under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), and (2) relief under the Convention Against Torture (CAT). Ajpop contends only that the BIA erred in determining that he had not established entitlement to asylum and withholding of removal under the INA. (Restated, Ajpop has failed to brief any issues related to the BIA’s rejection of his CAT claim. Accordingly, those issues are waived. See Rodriguez v. INS, 9 F.3d 408, 414 n. 15 (5th Cir. 1993); Calderon-Ontiveros v. INS, 809 F.2d 1050, 1052 (5th Cir. 1986).)
A BIA decision that a petitioner is not eligible for asylum or withholding of removal under the INA is upheld if it is supported by substantial evidence. See Chun v. INS, 40 F.3d 76, 78-79 (5th Cir. 1994). The substantial-evidence standard mandates affirming the BIA’s decision “unless the evidence compels a contrary conclusion”. Carbajal-Gonzalez v. INS, 78 F.3d 194, 197 (5th Cir. 1996).
The record reflects that the harm alleged by Ajpop, which may fairly be characterized as insults and threats made by individuals who did not act under official sanction, and whose dispute with Ajpop involved personal matters, is insufficient to establish the requisite past persecution. See Eduard v. Ashcroft, 379 F.3d 182, 188, 190 (5th Cir. 2004); see also Thuri v. Ashcroft, 380 F.3d 788, 792-93 (5th Cir. 2004). Additionally, the record lacks “specific, detailed facts showing a good reason to fear that [Ajpop] will be singled out for persecution” if he is returned to Guatemala Faddoul v. INS, 37 F.3d 185, 188 (5th Cir. 1994) (quoting Zulbeari v. INS, 963 F.2d 999, 1000 (7th Cir. 1992)) (emphasis in original).
In the light of these factors, the BIA’s decision concerning Ajpop’s INA claims is supported by substantial evidence, and the record does not compel a contrary conclusion. See Carbajal-Gonzalez, 78 F.3d at 197.